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Roger Millar: safety impacts cost Washington nearly $15 billion per year

Roger Millar with Zoom background of snowy bank and plow
WSDOT Secretary Roger Millar

The Washington State House of Representatives Transportation Committee convened for the first time this session on Tuesday and WSDOT head Roger Millar was there to lead the members through a presentation, which was titled “Return on Investment”.

At the beginning of the talk, he made sure to emphasize that the legislature calls the shots and selects the projects, not WSDOT. But the framing of the presentation was focused on what kinds of investments might produce a higher return for the state as a whole. And he showed the committee a slide that broke down different categories where those costs are currently playing out.

Safety was the biggest impact shown. The annual cost of traffic crashes that happen because our transportation system isn’t safe enough was pegged in his data at $14.7 billion per year, which is over four times the actual budget of WSDOT itself. And it’s over 3.2 times as much as the cost attributed to “congestion” which the legislature seems much more preoccupied with.

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Bar chart showing safety as biggest category, high above greenhouse gas, state of good repair, congestion, and WSDOT itself
Safety impacts cost Washingtonians $14.7 billion per year compared to the $3.6 billion WSDOT budget

“If we could drive these numbers down by increasing what we spend on transportation, we could have that increased investment and actually save hardworking families and hardworking businesses some money on the way”, he told the committee members. Of course, we could save much more than money by improving safety in the transportation system, we could save lives and prevent devastating life-altering injuries. It’s actually absurd to put this side-by-side with a so-called cost to sitting in traffic, but given the legislature’s track record clearly necessary.

What Millar did not do is directly connect the dots on safety, but his agency is doing that right now, in part with the Active Transportation Plan. Spending $283 million on adding speed treatments to every single state highway through a population center would save lives. So would spending $165 million to improve safety at every single highway ramp in the state. Or $1.2 billion to add full pedestrian facilities along state highways.

Millar’s speech to the committee comes at a time when, according to slides in his presentation, Washington is set to spend more money maintaining and expanding the state highway than it ever has before. This was conveyed in a chart showing highway construction heading toward a peak of nearly $5 billion in the next biennium as so many different highway expansion projects are set to be under construction at the same time.

Mountain peak chart with break between two mountains and peak in 2021-2023
Washington is set to spend the most on highways, ever.

Secretary Millar also tried to make the argument against highway expansion from the perspective of jobs creation, citing numbers showing that bicycle projects create 46% more jobs per million dollars spent than car-only road projects, and that public transit projects create 31% more jobs.

Clearly leadership at the state’s transportation agency wants to take the state in the right direction but, again, they don’t choose the projects to build. Roger Millar’s presentation this week should set the stage for making smarter investments than we have made in the past, with Senator Saldaña’s Evergreen Package an obvious vehicle for that, but only if we are ready to push against the status quo.

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2 responses to “Roger Millar: safety impacts cost Washington nearly $15 billion per year”

  1. Peri Hartman

    Thanks for writing about this, Ryan, as well getting published in Crosscut. I think that Millar’s claim about how much people are willing to pay for safety is heavily exaggerated (people will always *say* they’ll pay for safety but when it comes to voting for taxes, they often won’t) but any attention given to the *net* costs of safety improvements helps.

  2. asdf2

    I would like to see more of the highway budget go towards basic (no lane additions) safety of the highways we already have, rather than building new stuff.

    Take the drive to Stevens Pass, for example. There is no excuse for highway 522 not having a concrete center barrier between Woodinville and Monroe. Highway 2, between Gold Bar and Stevens Pass could also use a center barrier in many places, as well as some traffic signals at some of the popular trailheads. WSDOT definitely has the money, they just don’t want to spend it on projects that merely improve safety, but don’t increase speed or capacity. This is a thought paradigm that needs changing.

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